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Patronatos Pro Ninos Guided Tour

By Stanley Klein

Did you know that Ignacio Allende is somewhat questionable as the hero of Mexico? If you look at any child’s history book you will see him as the hero who freed the Mexican people from the tyranny of Spain in the Revolution of 1810. But historians of the time painted a more realistic picture of him.

As background, Mexico had a very strict social order at that time. Spain ruled New Spain and specifically Mexico with an iron hand. Those born in Spain were known as Peninsulares; their children, who were of as pure blood as their parents, were not considered to be true Spaniards, or Peninsulares. They were born in Mexico and “the soil of Mexico was therefore in their blood. They were known as Criollos, and thought to be, socially, a rather large step down from the Peninsulares.

This was important enough to those who were “socially conscious” to send a pregnant daughter back to Spain to have her child born on Spanish soil. It may sound simple, but remember there were no airlines at that time. So a pregnant woman would be subjected to a three-month voyage on a ship with few amenities and then, when the child was born and fit to travel, take that same trying trip back to Mexico. Now the child was of pure Spanish blood!

So our famous Ignacio Allende was strapped with the title of Criollo. He was a captain in the military, the highest rank in the state, but still was paid less than young lieutenants coming over from Spain. Those young officers were welcomed into ‘the better’ homes in town at any time. Allende and the numerous other Criollos were not. Of course they would be invited in on special occasions, but it was not an open door to them. And interestingly enough, there were many more Criollos living here than Peninsulares. In fact they held most of the leading posts in politics, the military, and the church.

So, back to the point … Allende and the others of his class were more concerned about this great injustice to them than perhaps they were about Spain’s injustice to the Mexican people.

It is thought that what they were planning was more of a coup d’etat than a revolution. “Let’s just show Spain that we are in charge here and deserve the same respect as the Peninsulares.” However, many other right-minded Criollos were more concerned with the rights of the Mexican people. Like Father Hidalgo, who, with his famous “Cry For Freedom,” roused the people to march on the military here in San Miguel and in effect started the real revolution. That’s when Allende and his compatriots realized this movement was unstoppable and rode out to the road from Dolores and joined in with the crowd.

So, was Allende really the “hero of the people?” You decide.

Join our regular tours, Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 9:45am in front of the Parroquia church on the Jardin. The charge is 300 pesos. All proceeds benefit Patronatos Pro Ninos to provide medical and dental care to our local children in need.



Patronatos Pro Ninos Guided Tour

Mon, Wed and Fri, 9:45am

In front of the Parroquia Church on the Jardin.

300 pesos

All proceeds benefit Patronatos Pro Ninos



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