Mineral de Pozos
By Eugenia Huerta
Mineral de Pozos, a former mining town in the Mexican state of Guanajuato, is located 40 minutes from San Miguel Allende. Its origins date to 16th century cinnabar and silver mining operations. During the colonial period and after Independence, Mineral de Pozos experienced many vicissitudes, from boom periods to long periods of ruin. However, the final two decades of the 19th century saw great mining and commercial activity, rapid population growth, and enormous wealth as it became one of the most prosperous cities in Mexico thanks to mass silver production. During that time, it was given the name Ciudad Porfirio Diaz (1897).
Then the effects of the revolution and Cristero War accelerated its decline and ruin. It was in the late 20th century that Mineral de Pozos began its recovery, thanks to cultural tourism. In 2012 it was declared a Mexican Pueblo Mágico in recognition of the many qualities it encompasses. Today it is a thriving tourist and cultural destination.
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