A Selection of Comic Books to Better Understand the Arab World
By Marie Moébius
Since the 1990s, many comic books have been published and are likely to be displayed in the non-fiction section of bookstores and libraries. There are biographies, travelogs, chronicles, and documentaries, told in this very specific language of comic books. Drawings in sequence with the alternation of texts in balloons (giving direct voice to different characters) and in captions (offering space to the narrator) provide the storytelling with a greater impact. Many authors have now chosen this genre to vividly tell their own experiences or observations.
During the past decade, titles dealing with the Arab world have been released. Through them we can understand more of these countries, their culture, and their geopolitical issues. In these very interesting works, generally told by a first-person narrator, the point of view is not objective or impartial. The stories are told from the inside by artists who have experienced those times and places.
Persepolis, by Marjane Satrapi, might be the best-known title on this list, since it has been adapted for the movie screen. Satrapi draws and recounts her childhood in Teheran in the ’70s, when the Islamic revolution overthrew the Shah. The author’s family, opposed to the Revolution, had to suffer the repression of the regime. Told from the experiences of a child and drawn with a naïve black and white line, this book is tender, humorous, and very illuminating.
Persepolis, Marjane Satrapi, Pantheon, 2004
In The Photographer, Lefèvre chronicles his travels through the mountains of Afghanistan during the war against Communist Russia, when he was commissioned by NGO Doctors Without Borders to follow a medical team in a mission to settle a hospital in an isolated region. This book is a great homage to the outstanding commitment of Doctors Without Borders and a sensible look at civilians in war.
The Photographer: Into War-torn Afghanistan with Doctors Without Borders, Lefèvre, First Second, 2009
Joe Sacco spent three months in occupied Gaza and Ramallah in the ’90s. He gives voice to the Palestinians, trapped in the muddy streets of refugee camps, recounting torture, massacres, and arbitrary imprisonments. The author never forgets to put the testimonies he reports under the light of local and international geopolitics. It’s a must-read to understand the Israel-Palestine conflict!
Palestine, Joe Sacco, Fantagraphics, 2001
The father of author Riad Sattouf (French mother and Syrian father) seems to incarnate the role of the Arab of the future: highly educated in French universities, he decides to take his wife and five-year-old child to Kadhafi’s Libya in the ’80s to see the leader’s pan-Arabic project come true. The author’s sarcastic tone reveals the struggles of a country on its way to development and the citizens’ dream to take over. With the recent events in Libya in mind and the fall of “The Guide” at the hands of theWest, this memoir of an extraordinary childhood leaves the reader with a bitter feeling.
The Arab of the Future, Riad Sattouf, Metropolitan Books, 2015