Vitamin Summary

Extending Lives

By Ross Macdonald

All cells contain mitochondria, which produce cellular energy. This process also produces free radicals. With age, mitochondria become less efficient, leading to degenerative changes in your cells. Preserving this function is of paramount importance to prolonging life span.

Ever-increasing research shows that nutrients and amino acids (the building blocks of protein such as CoQ10, Acetyl-L- Carnitine, Alpha Lipoic Acid, and L-Carnosine) are important for maintaining heart and brain/nervous system function. Acetyl-L-Carnitine should be taken in combination with Alpha Lipoic Acid and Arginine.

Short summary of vitamins and supplements

Vitamin E: supports cardiovascular health and blood vessels and promotes circulatory and metabolic function; maintains a strong immune system supports prostate health.

Selenium: is a powerful antioxidant supporting immune system health. It is an integral part of the protein structure in teeth and assists in regulating the body’s metabolic rate. When used with Vitamin E before a big meal, it can inhibit sugar surges.

Calcium: maintains strong bones and teeth, heart muscles and nerves, proper muscle contraction, and a healthy nervous system.

Vitamin D: provides proper bone mineralization for healthy bones and teeth, immune system, cancer prevention, and much more.

Magnesium: is crucial for cell formation, healthy bones, protein formation, and nerve impulses. It works with Vitamin B6 to help promote menstrual health.

Acidophilus: supports digestive system and normal immune function; intestinal flora contribute to the maintenance of a healthy acidic environment.

Bilberry and Lutein: supports night vision, healthy circulation in the eye; it is an antioxidant filter for the central area of the retina and may help to deter macular degeneration of the eye.

CoQ10: major supporter of heart health converts food to energy, helps cognitive function, and is a nervous system health antioxidant.

Fish oils, EPA, DHA, Omega 3: are used mostly in heart function and to prevent second heart attacks; vital for cell growth energy source. These are EFAs, essential fatty acids not produced by the body. The oils are tuna, salmon, mackerel, krill, and cod—all cold water fish. (DHA is the stronger oil.)

Flaxseed: is the same as fish oil, but this is the weaker vegetable substitute; the other is borage oil.

Zinc: is necessary for skin health, is very important for testosterone synthesis and sperm cells, and acts in the formation of DNA and in RNA cell division, growth, and protein formation.

Glucosamine Sulfate and Chondroitin Sulfate: is the ideal structural support for cartilage and joints, revitalizes cellular components within joints, promotes range of motion, and cushions joints.

MSM: used in formation of collagen, connective tissue, and joint cartilage; also used to relieve joint pain.

Ginkgo Biloba: maintains circulation in the arms, legs, and brain, helps improve memory, and supports mental focus.

Lecithin: promotes mental function and nerve cell health; supports stress relief.

Ross Macdonald, BS, MS, CPT has written over 100 articles for Atención on exercise, health, and vitamins since 1997. Much more detailed information by e-mailing


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