Google, no more Spanish news service
The Computer Corner
By Charles Miller
Happy New Year 2015 is not starting out as a Feliz Año Nuevo for many Spanish speakers around the world. Two weeks ago, Google announced the shutdown of news reporting in Spanish due to a new law that went into effect on January 1 in Spain. Google now omits news reports originating from Spanish publishers from appearing in more than 70 Google News international editions due to the new law requiring aggregators to pay if they link content.
The Google News pages, available in many languages, have been extremely popular as a go-to site for news since 2002. The decision by Google, Inc. to shutter their Spanish news service is the first shutdown of one of their major services. The new Spanish intellectual property law would have required Google to pay for every article linked on their news site, so Google decided to shut down rather than pay. This also applies to news reports in English if originated from Spanish publishers, such as the popular El País newspaper in Madrid. This means that in Mexico we will not see news from Spain via Google News.
Some readers may not be clear as to exactly what an aggregator is. Examples of news aggregators are Daily Beast, Reddit, DrudgeReport, HotSheet, and Google News. These news aggregator sites may include little if any original content, but rather provide links to top stories found on other news websites around the globe. None of these news aggregators may now link to news sources headquartered in Spain without paying a royalty to do so.
This new tax applies only to news aggregator sites and not to individuals, so that means that individual users like you and I can still search for news in Spanish, but we will not find it conveniently arranged for us on one Google News page, nor will any other news site, such as the New York Times or the Guadalajara Reporter be able to provide links to Spanish sites without paying. This almost certainly means that fewer web pages will link to any web sites that are located in Spain, in order to avoid paying the associated fees.
The Spanish Association of Daily Newspaper Publishers (AEDE) lobbied for the new law nicknamed the “Google Tax,” making it sound like a money grab. The law allows Spanish news sites to bill Google for articles Google News features. It looks like the Spaniards will come out with zero if Google shuts down their Spanish news site. To further cloud the issue, the Spanish law appears to mandate that all owners of web sites in Spain bill aggregators, but the law does not specify how much.
In Germany, changes in copyright law pushed news aggregators such as Google to get permission from newspapers before linking to their sites. I understand that almost all newspaper sites gave this permission, apparently because they want Google to send them more web traffic, which translates into more advertising revenue.
Clearly there is something going on here I do not understand; it appears on one hand that news sites want Google to drive more revenue-generating traffic to them, but on the other hand, they do not. It is also possible this is an argument over the way that Google News words the short summaries or snippets of the linked articles.
Jeremy Malcolm speaking for the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) said, “It is hard to see what value this has achieved for the press in Spain or for Spanish [speaking] Internet users.” The EFF is also concerned about erosion of the right to link, because another part of the new Spanish law places criminal liability on website operators who link to copyright-infringing material. It is not at all clear how Spanish authorities think they will be able to enforce the new law outside their borders.
Charles Miller is a freelance computer consultant, a frequent visitor to San Miguel since 1981 and now practically a full-time resident. He may be contacted at 044 415 101 8528 or email FAQ8 (at) SMAguru.com.