The 104th Anniversary of the Mexican Revolution
By Jesús Aguado
The most important social movement in Mexico started on November 20, 1910, and is now remembered through local, state, and national civic celebrations.
The Porfiriato (period when Porfirio Díaz governed, from 1876-1911) was an age of prosperity in the country, but that prosperity never reached those most in need, and this class paid the price. The revolution was a reaction to poor conditions for workers and the constant reelection of Díaz.
Everything started in 1910 when Díaz—who had announced that he would leave government at the end of his last term—tried for reelection in a run against Francisco I. Madero. Madero was incarcerated but escaped to the United States; from there he devised a plan and encouraged Mexicans to take up arms against the oppressors. The movement succeeded, leading Díaz to resign and go into exile in France.
It is unclear when the armed movements ended, but some say it was in 1917 with the promulgation of the Mexican constitution. Others such as the National Commission of Sports (CONADE), say it was in 1928, when a relay race commemorated the beginning of the Mexican Revolution. The next year a military and sports parade was included. In 1930 the parade was nationalized by a decree from the senate, which stated that it was the remembrance of a historic fact that reflected the population’s pacifist goodwill.
In San Miguel, following tradition, there was a kindergarten parade on November 19 with children portraying revolutionary heroes and holding some gymnastic and sporting events. On November 20, students from primary school through university did the same, and included dances.