Constitutions and coins on display
By Antonio De Jesús
February 5, 2017, will mark the 100th anniversary of the country’s current constitution. For that reason, the Secretariat of National Defense has created a traveling exhibition of replicas of the Sentimientos de la Nación (Feelings of the Nation) from 1813, along with copies of the constitutions of 1824, 1857 and 1917.
The exhibition was presented in San Miguel from January 14 to 18 in the former administration building. A commander of the army oversaw the exposition, divided into two sections: facsimiles of the constitutions and coins and medals. In the constitution section attendees had the opportunity to read copies of the documents and see the signature of one of the activists for Mexican independence, José María Teclo Morelos y Pavón, who promulgated the first constitution in 1813, called Sentimientos de la Nación. This constitution was made up of 38 articles and 54 regulations. The exhibit also included a replica of the constitution of 1824, promulgated three years after Mexican Independence in 1824 by Emperor Agustín de Iturbide. The constitution of 1857 was published after the war of reforms by Benito Juárez, and the one promulgated by Venustiano Carranza on February 5, 1917.
The exhibition of the Mexican Army also featured a numismatic collection from the Bank of Mexico, which featured medals awarded by the government that were lent by their recipients’ families for the exhibit. Those medals were awards for sports and sciences and date from 1810 to 1878.
The exhibition also included the first coins minted in the country, which date from 1789. Gold coins, 8 Escudos, and reales made of silver and copper were on display, in addition to the later pesos.
There were also bilimbiques, the first paper bills printed by the revolutionary groups or the haciendas. Those who visited the exhibition also saw the first provisional coupons issued by the government, as well as the first bills issued by the Bank of Mexico.
The exhibition started in the state of Guerrero and will finish in Querétaro on February 5, 2017, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Mexican constitution of 1917.