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Mayors could be reelected in Mexico

By Antonio De Jesús Aguado

Senado de la República

The Mexican senate just approved an initiative of political reform that would allow senators and legislators to be reelected. In the meantime, the local congresses must pass a new law for the reelection of city councils.

The topic of reelection is not new in Mexico, since 2009, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa—then president—proposed a reform that would allow not just the reelection of legislators but of mayors in the country. That initiative also proposed the reduction of the number of federal legislators from 500 to 400 and a second votie for the presidential election if the winner did not achieve 50 percent of the vote in the first round.

In 2011, during the celebration of the Democracy Day, Calderón Hinojosa said that the political career of politicians must be in hands of the citizens “if they do a good work, then they shall be reelected, if not, they ought to go to the street and finish their career,” he said.

On Tuesday, December 3, the chamber of senators approved an initiative of reform which states, among other things, that senators can be elected for two periods (of six years each) and the legislators for four periods (of three years each). It makes it clear that the candidacies must be proposed by the same party that supported them. Those who are citizens’ or independent candidates will benefit from all the prerogatives and advertising considered in the law.

The local congresses will have the decision of passing the reelection of city councils for an extra three-year period. Nevertheless, this initiative must be approved first by the congress of union and later by the local congresses.

“Effective suffrage, no re-election” was a popular slogan used by Francisco I. Madero against the dictatorial Porfirio Diaz’s (who ruled the country from 1876-1910, when the Mexican revolution emerged against his administration) government. The slogan tries to make effective the right of voting freely in democratic elections and to suppress the re-election of those who have been voted in once.


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