New book on biodiversity in Guanajuato published
By Jade Arroyo
The State Ecology Institute (IEE) presented the book La Biodiversidad de Guanajuato. Estudio de Estado (Biodiversity in Guanajuato. State Study), a document compiled by 50 national institutions, departments from the three levels of government, researchers and civic organizations.
The book is made up of two volumes that contain information related to biodiversity, including ecosystems, species, genetics, applications and threats to biodiversity. It also includes a description of the physical and socioeconomic characteristics of the state of Guanajuato and its 46 municipalities. The book is the result of the expertise of 243 expert authors from 48 state, civic or private associations.
On May 21 the book was presented at the local natural preserve El Charco del Ingenio, along with a talk about it given by Oscar Baéz Montes and David Guzmán Gonzáles, of the Coordination of Protected Areas of the State, as representatives of the Ecology Institute.
El Charco del Ingenio made an important contribution to the book, especially because it represents an example of success. There is also a contribution from the association “Salvemos al Río Laja” about water scarcity and associated problems. The research and compilation for the work began back in 2009. The book is also a means to spread information about the risks that nature is facing and create awareness about problems such as water contamination and overexploitation of the soil, among others.
The study informs us that the most of the aquatic organisms in the state are to be found in the Río Lerma–Chapala, and 38 species of fish have been registered in Guanajuato. When it comes to birds, so far 366 species have been catalogued, which represents 33 percent of those catalogued in the country, and 87 species of mammals, representing16 percent. Also, 136 species of fungus have been identified. It was found that the biodiversity of Guanajuato is very rich, having over 3,000 species (almost double what was previously thought). Its natural richness exceeds that of Aguascalientes and the state of Mexico. Guanajuato is categorized as a state of moderately high natural richness.
There are plans to ask the Secretary of Education of Guanajuato to include the book in elementary and middle school education programs. The publication lays out a national
strategy that all states in the country are embracing.
La Biodiversidad de Guanajuato. Estudio de Estado is available at every public and academic library in Guanajuato. Also, it can be downloaded completely free from the website www.ecologia.guanajuato.gob.mx or at www.biodiversidad.gob.mx