The Federal Labor Law could be reformed
By Antonio De Jesús Aguado
Federal legislator Ricardo Villarreal García held a meeting in San Miguel with employers, members of associations, to present potential reforms to the Federal Labor Law. Those reforms would benefit not only to the employees but also the employers and would allow international private investment in the country.
The current legislature, started working on September 1. “It has been tough,” said Villarreal, “but with this work we will change Mexico through the congress, because Mexicans are tired of those politicians who cannot achieve agreements.” In August, some changes that allow the president of Mexico to present “preferment reforms” were approved. These preferment reforms must be approved by the congress in less than 30 days. President Felipe Calderón presented the proposals for the reform to the Federal Labor Law. Deputy Villarreal said that in the last 20 years, 497 initiatives for reforming that law have been presented, but none of them have ever made it to the floor of the congress for a vote.
Who would benefit?
Villareal commented that the proposed reforms will benefit employers as well as employees. A trial period for new employees has been proposed; those new workers who do not perform their jobs well could be fired at the end of the trial period without an interminable legal process. According to the legislator, drawn-out legal processes related to labor are the reason why the international private sector does not invest or generate employment in Mexico. To alleviate that obstacle, the new reform would impose a deadline for ending labor-related legal processes of one year. Currently, such proceedings can drag out for ten years. The reforms also include paternity leave of ten days, social security, and no discrimination, among other topics.
The reform should be voted on September 30. The congress is made up of 500 deputies, and 251 affirmative votes, or a majority, are needed to pass the reform. Although Villarreal made it clear that the deputies from the PRD, MC and PT will not vote in favor of the reform, they hope it will pass with the votes from the PRI and PV party, who have said that they will vote for the reform, with some adjustments. “I would like to think that those adjustments will be to protect the members of their unions, because on that topic the democratization and transparency have been proposed. The governmental syndicates, such as the Syndicate of Teachers, will not be affected, said Villarreal, just the private syndicates.
Villarreal is the brother of a former mayor of San Miguel de Allende and federal legislator and now national coordinator of the PAN party, Luis Alberto Villarreal. On July 1, he was elected as a representative of the second district that includes Dolores Hidalgo, San Miguel, San José Iturbide and San Luis de la Paz. He is a lawyer, and he said that he held this meeting with sanmiguelense employers because during his campaign he made a commitment to come back to the people who elected him to let them know what is going on in congress.