Lecture on Cañada de la Virgen
By Martha Rossana Quiroz Ennis
Among the many subtle changes which were transforming mesoamerican mythology after the contact between prehispanic America and the East, one stands out in particular: the concept of the mountain and its hidden riches.
Lecture, The Universe in Cañada de la Virgen, by Archeologist Rossana Quiroz Ennis, To benefit Wirikuta, Coperativa “La Flor del Desierto”, Comunidad de las Margaritas, Municipio de 14, SLP, Mon, Mar 26, 5pm, El Sindicato, Recreo 4, 100 pesos
While in the prehispanic cosmogony Tlalocan and Altepetl were sacred places, in whose interiors were born the world’s greatest riches — water, seeds, the bones of ancestors, and all animals — for the postcolonial culture these riches began to be imagined as vessels and chests full of gold and precious stones.
And while in the mesoamerican myths these mountains were guarded by an ancient couple, creators of all humanity, father and mother joined in the presence of Ometeótl, the mestizo belief created an image of a diabolic guardian, a figure known as the Catrín or Black Horseman, whose function was to seduce the hunters of gold and lead them astray in the labyrinths of their own desires.
This metaphor is as appropriate in the case of Wirikuta as it is for Cañada de la Virgen, where powerful interests and the legal authorities have often paid scarce attention — if indeed they paid any attention at all — to the communities which over the centuries have been the natural heirs of these spaces.
Similar to Las Margaritas in the municipality of Real de Catorce, the communities spread throughout the archeological zone of Cañada Norte, mainly of Otomí origin, are among the least developed in the whole San Miguel area, according the Coneval 2010.
This first conference, which we offer for the benefit of the Las Margaritas Flower of the Desert Cooperative, is being presented to understand and record the function of hills and mountains as the providers of sustenance for mankind.
We will speak of how the pyramids are in fact replicas of hills, and how they were used to mark and preserve the cycles of the universe and time. And how, in truth, they grow in their interior a double seed of gold and silver: the sun and the moon.
The lecture forms part of the permanent program of celestial observation of the archeological zone of Cañada de la Virgen and the doctoral program of the Anthropological Institute of UNAM. Recent results from this study program will be presented for the first time at this conference.